Functional Neurology Rehabilitation
This form of rehabilitation is for those conditions which are primarily due to a functional neurological deficit. This treatment is designed to comprehensively address the diagnosis from the root cause, not simply the symptoms. This type of therapy is very specific to address the affected pathways and areas of the central nervous system that are either under-activated or over-activated. A combination of the following forms of rehabilitation may be included in your treatment plan, this will be determined by the doctor.
Optokinetic/Eye Movement Exercises
These exercises are very powerful for increasing activation in the area/s of the brain that are not functioning at their highest potential. The specific forms of eye movement exercises for your treatment are based on the findings from your clinical examination and your diagnosis.
Balance and Coordination Therapy
This type of therapy utilizes the balance board, or a balance platform which increases activation of the cerebellar structures that control posture, head and eye yoked movements, and core stability. This therapy may be combined with forms of movement exercises such as ball throwing/catching, or complex movements of the extremities, which concomitantly stimulate the cortical regions of the brain that are not functioning optimally.
Complex Movement Exercises
This type of therapy requires activation of the motor regions of the brain and is specifically performed on the side which activates the area that is deficient, or dampens the area which is over-activated. They may include copying movements, mirror therapy, throwing/catching a ball, kicking/stopping a ball, pointing/tracing therapy. While these may seem like trivial movements to some, in a brain/body that has a functional deficit they are in fact very powerful forms of rehabilitation, as the specific movements have particular areas of the brain which they target.
This form of functional neurological rehabilitation is specifically designed to target the various parts of the vestibular system (inner ear, cerebellum), which are at the root of conditions affecting balance and coordination. This type of therapy may include balance board and various forms of stability work, complex patterned movements of the extremities, therapeutic spinning, other rotational forms of movement, positional maneuvers and eye exercises.
Developmental Disorder Rehabilitation
This form of functional neurological rehabilitation is specifically designed to target the affected areas of the brainstem, cerebellum and cortex which are at the root cause of developmental disorders such as Autism Spectrum Disorders, ADHD, learning disabilities, dyslexia. This treatment may include eye movement exercises, tracing therapy, therapeutic spinning, complex movement exercises, hand-eye coordination exercises, music therapy, light stimulation, balance and coordination work.